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Serangoon Secondary School
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Our Vision

A high performing department respected for empowering StaRs to explore and understand nature and the Human condition.

Our Mission Statement

Our department seeks to:

a. Nurture Life-long learners
b. Ignite Passion for Humanities
c. Cultivate inquisitive minds


Humanities Department
Head of Department:
Christopher Tan (History/SS)
School Staff Developer:Jeff Mak Ka Fai (SS) 
Senior Teacher:Tan Shuen Tsing (Geography)
Members:Matt Yee (SS/EL) 
 Nur Ashirah (Geo/EL) 
 Fong Yi Shuen (Geo/EL) 
 Goh Ling Pin (Geo/EL)
 Ang Cong Ping Clara (Geo/Lit) 
 Sim Qin Ying (History/SS) 
 Daniel Fung (History/SS)
 Daniel Chew (History/SS)
 Muhammad Hamzah Zainal Abidin (History/SS)
 Laura Tay (EL/SS) 
 Siti Sufiana (EL/SS)
 Neo Shi Min (AED) 
 Mdm Tumini Saat (History Adjunct Tr) 


The Lower Secondary Geography syllabus enables students to acquire the knowledge and skills to understand aspects of physical and human geography. They learn to explain geographical phenomena, environmental and social issues in different places and cultures. Students become aware of the appropriate values and attitudes required to ensure sustainability of our resources, country and the planet Earth. The inquiry based approach teaches the students to ask critical questions and think reflectively on the management of current issues such as water resources and traffic congestion in Singapore.

Upper Secondary Geography emphasises the integration of physical and human environments. It also focuses on the interconnectedness among groups of people, and between people and their environment. The Geography student can expect to acquire the skills of gathering and analysing information, and an enquiring mind to seek answers to issues affecting our lives and the world we live in. Geography students are prepared for their roles as informed citizens in the 21st century. Geographers make informed judgements and sound decisions through the analysis, synthesis and evaluation of geographical information.

Geographical Investigation


Students conduct Geographical Investigation at the lower secondary level to investigate geographical issues. They will analyze the investigation question, plan their research, gather and select data, analyze data and finally arrive at their own conclusions regarding the issue. Through this process, they will learn to evaluate and communicate their findings through the use of an info-graph. In Secondary 1, they will look at the concept of "water quality" before moving on to exploring the concept of "inclusive housing". These two concepts expose students to a wide variety of investigative methods and bring the real world into the classroom for them.


Our History curriculum reflects the vigor of the discipline of History. As an inquiry into the past, History seeks to offer an interpretation of a past event that corresponds as closely as possible to what happened. Through historical inquiry, students then pose questions about the present by engaging with the past and thus draw connections between both.

The revised Upper Secondary History syllabus aligns the value of History learning with the aims of the Desired Outcomes of Education by developing in students the qualities of a history learner through engaging students actively in historical inquiry so as to develop them into confident, self-directed, critical and reflective thinkers. Through the process of conducting Historical Investigation in the Lower Secondary syllabus, students have actively been involved in the discipline of History,as well as conducting historical inquiry. 

Historical Investigation

As part of their History education, students had to go through a Historical Investigation (HI). For their HI, students were tasked to design an End Product that would answer certain investigative questions. Their End Product would be to write a piece of historical fiction based on the sources that they have gathered. In their historical fiction, students are supposed to either write about the lives of teenagers during colonial Singapore or during the Japanese Occupation period.

Click on the following links to view samples of their work:

1NA HI Sample
2 Exp HI Sample

Humanities Publications

SG50 Booklet    


To mark SG50, the Humanities Department has published an SG50 Booklet for the school, and as a gift to the nation. The aim of the booklet is to provide readers with an appreciation of Singapore’s history through 50 years of nation building. It provides an account of a significant event that has occurred yearly from 1965-2015. Reading through the booklet, it is our hope that readers will develop a deeper sense of how Singapore has journeyed from tumultuous independence to become what it is today - a modern metropolis with international recognition and high standing in the world.

SG50 E-book

As a present from students from all our schools to Singapore for her 50th birthday, a commemorative e-book titled SG50 Reflections: Our HOpes &MEmories (HOME) has been officially launched by our President, Dr Tony Tan on 29 July 2015(Wednesday). The contents of the e-book comprise a diverse range of students’ works about people, places and events that feature six themes over a span of five decades.

Our school is proud to be part of the SG50 e-book project. The team of students that have created this section of the E-book was mentored and guided by the Humanities Department. The details of the E-book are as follows:

Theme : Memorable Spaces

Decade : 1975-1984

Topic : Creation of Hougang New Town

You may access our school’s contribution via the following link :

Learning Journeys

Learning Journey 2017

In 2017, students went on a Humanities Learning Journey on 23rd and 24th of February 2018, and on 26th October 2018. For the February Learning Journey, the Sec 1 students went to the National Museum and Fort Canning Park. The purpose of heading to the Museum was to collect sources for their Historical Investigation, as well as to develop an understanding on how the Singapore’s history is presented by the Museum. The journey to Fort Canning Park was to help students understand the British defences of Singapore during the colonial period so that they can better appreciate the need for a strong and capable defence in Singapore.

For the October Learning Journey, the Sec 2 students went to the Ford Motor Factory, Bukit Chandu, and the Kranji War Memorial. They went to these places to further develop their knowledge and understanding of the times leading up to the Japanese Occupation. Through this learning journey, the students were able to understand how harsh WW2 was for the people of Singapore and how they should not take Singapore’s safety and security for granted.

In 2017, the Sec 3 Express Pure History students also went on a Learning Journey on the 23rd of October. They went to the Ford Motor Factory and Fort Siloso. The purpose of going to these places was to help reconstruct the battle of Singapore for the students. Through this Learning Journey, the students were able to gain an understanding of the military history of Singapore. They were also able to further understand that history is not limited to their textbooks but that there also exists different types of history that they can uncover as junior historians.

Learning Journey 2018

In 2018, the Sec 1 students went to the Kranji War Memorial as part of their Humanities Learning Journey. The students have not been to this part of Singapore before, thus it was an eye opener for them. The purpose of this Learning Journey was for students to appreciate and understand about the harshness and realities of WW2 on Singapore. They also learnt that the reason why Singapore is safe today is due to the sacrifices and contributions of those who had lived before us. The students finally learnt that the British did spare significant efforts to defend Singapore.

While the Sec 1 students went to the Kranji War Memorial, the Sec 2 students went to Fort Siloso on the 25th of October 2018. They went to this location so as to learn about the military defence of Singapore. This was an opportunity for them to learn about the Japanese invasion beyond what their textbook taught them. It was a chance for them to step into an actual battle site of the British defence of Singapore. They were given a chance to evaluate why the defences were ineffective or otherwise.

Learning Journey 2015
 Learning Journey 2013 | Learning Journey 2012 | Learning Journey 2011 


The department believes in sending students for Humanities competitions so as to stretch their potential. 

National Stamp Collecting Competition

As a department effort, teachers and students work hand-in-hand to take part in the National Stamp Collecting Competition. This competition gave students opportunities to explore the culture and the history behind the stamps of different countries. Secondary Three students were identified and given the opportunity to learn more about concepts in the humanities as they explored ideas and crafted a narrative with the use of stamps and other philatelic materials. The students were exposed to a rich world outside of their usual classroom environment. As a result of both the students’ and teacher’s dedication, Serangoon Secondary School emerged the national champion of this competition for the third year!

2016: 3 Gold with Special Prize and 2 Silver

2017: 2 Gold with Special Prize, 1 Silver with Special Prize and 2 Silver

2018: 3 Gold with Special Prize, 1 Gold and 1 Silver

War and Diplomacy Historical Card Game Competition

In 2018, a group of students represented the school to take part in the annual War and Diplomacy Historical Card Game Competition. This competition is designed by Bendemeer Secondary School. In the competition, students take on the role of one of the countries (Axis or Allies) involved in WW2. They were to compete to eliminate rivals from the opposing side while trying to secure victory together with their teammates. It was a tough and gruelling competition as the students had to go through many rounds while competing against students from other schools.

At the end, our students managed to triumph over their opponents and secured the 3rd position in this national competition. This competition gives students the chance to engage in political decisions, and gives the students a chance for experiential learning of the concepts learnt in history.

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Past Achivements

Humanities Curriculum Innovations

SSSnap – card game created by the department to allow the students to understand political cartoons better.

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Geography Blog - Our Education Minister, Mr Heng Swee Keat, mentioned in his opening speech in the Humanities Conference 2012 on the use of blogs as a curriculum innovation in the teaching of the Humanities.

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Humanities Games

The Humanities Board Game was created to infuse the fun element into learning. The games allow students to apply critical thinking skills, revise and apply the knowledge they have learned and most importantly, have fun while learning. 

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Humanities Awareness Week

The Humanities Awareness Week was also conducted in school to raise the awareness of students in secondary two and to provide them some precious insights to the subjects that they may want to take when they promote to Secondary Three. The event was a modified version of an Amazing Race, which consisted of activities and stations run by both students and teachers alike to showcase the upper secondary syllabus in a fun and engaging way.